Tuesday, January 20, 2009

what is Dyslexia? what we must know about it?...

Taken from wikipedia.org “Dyslexia is...” [at] http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dyslexia

Dyslexia is a learning disability that manifests primarily as a difficulty with written language, particularly with reading and spelling. It is separate and distinct from reading difficulties resulting from other causes, such as a non-neurological deficiency with vision or hearing, or from poor or inadequate reading instruction.

Evidence also suggests that dyslexia results from differences in how the brain processes written and/or spoken language. Although dyslexia is thought to be the result of a neurological difference, it is not an intellectual disability. Dyslexia has been diagnosed in people of all levels of intelligence.

Variations and related conditions

Dyslexia is a learning disability. It has many underlying causes that are believed to be a brain-based condition that influences the ability to read written language. It is identified in individuals who fail to learn to read in the absence of a verbal or nonverbal intellectual impairment, sensory deficit (e.g., a visual deficit or hearing loss), pervasive developmental deficit or a frank neurological impairment.

The following conditions may also be contributory or overlapping factors, or underlying cause of the dyslexic symptoms as they can lead to difficulty reading:

  1. Auditory processing disorder is a condition that affects the ability to encode auditory information. It can lead to problems with auditory working memory and auditory sequencing. Many dyslexics have auditory processing problems including history of auditory reversals. Auditory processing disorder is recognized as one of the major causes of dyslexia.
  2. Cluttering is a speech fluency disorder involving both the rate and rhythm of speech, and resulting in impaired speech intelligibility. Speech is erratic and dysrhythmic, consisting of rapid and jerky spurts that usually involve faulty phrasing. The personality of the clutterer bears striking resemblance to the personalities of those with learning disabilities.
  3. Dyspraxia is a neurological condition characterized by a marked difficulty in carrying out routine tasks involving balance, fine-motor control, and kinesthetic coordination. Problems with short term memory and organization are typical of dyspraxics. This is most common in dyslexics who also have attention deficit disorder.
  4. Verbal dyspraxia is a neurological condition characterized by marked difficulty in the use of speech sounds, which is the result of an immaturity in the speech production area of the brain.
  5. Dysgraphia is a disorder which expresses itself primarily during writing or typing, although in some cases it may also affect eye-hand coordination in such direction or sequence oriented processes as tying knots or carrying out a repetitive task. Dysgraphia is distinct from Dyspraxia in that the person may have the word to be written or the proper order of steps in mind clearly, but carries the sequence out in the wrong order.
  6. Dyscalculia is a neurological condition characterized by a problem with learning fundamentals and one or more of the basic numerical skills. Often people with this condition can understand very complex mathematical concepts and principles but have difficulty processing formulas and even basic addition and subtraction.
  7. Scotopic sensitivity syndrome, also known as Irlen Syndrome, is a term used to describe sensitivity to certain wavelengths of light which interfere with proper visual processing. See also Orthoscopics and asfedia.


Strengths of Creative Thinkers *

Many people with learning differences of Dyslexia and ADD are capable of some extraordinary

thinking and can be extremely successful once they learn some coping strategies. This is why

we prefer to call them, more appropriately, Creative Thinkers. Some of the Creative Thinkers

strengths are:

  • Persistence,
  • Concentration,
  • Perception,
  • Vivid imagination,
  • Creativity,
  • Drive and ambition,
  • Curiosity,
  • Thinking in pictures instead of words,
  • Superior reasoning,
  • Capable of seeing things differently from others,
  • Love of complexity,
  • Simultaneous multiple thought processing,
  • Quickly mastering new concepts, and
  • Not following the Crowd.

Most people who are not dyslexic and rate low on the scale of Creative Thinking, are verbal learners, based on word acquisition by hearing. Verbal learning is limited to the speed of a person’s speech. This auditory information goes into the conscious mind, so that the non-dyslexic person is aware of the information.

Thinking and learning in pictures rather than words is thousands of times faster, and is subliminal, going directly into the subconscious mind. This visual learning style is what a Creative Thinker uses. The acquisition of information as pictures create an immense amountof multi-dimensional information, that can be manipulated in many forms by the brain to enable intuitive thinking, perception, and other interesting thought processes.

Frequently this learning style leads to thought delays, because of the tremendous amounts of information processed.

Unusual Abilities of Some Creative Thinkers

Although each Creative Thinker is distinctly different in their mental capabilities, some of these abilities can be evidence of the intellectual and creative powers of a genius waiting to be unlocked. Imagine feeling that someone is behind you before you can see or hear them. Some Creative Thinkers have mental abilities that go well beyond this common phenomena and approach the supernatural. Examples include:

  • Controlling the perception of time, causing it to operate in slow motion or rapidly,
  • Doing complex math in their head quickly; but not knowing how they did it,
  • Seeing a solution from a mental examination of the components, such as projecting interest rates for investments, or creating a new computer chip,
  • Communicating telepathically with others, or
  • Controlling the outcome of events, like calling the correct numbers on dice before they are rolled.

Although not all Creative Thinkers possess these talents, extrasensory perceptions like these represent abilities that are uniquely valuable to some; but ludicrous to others who do not understand the learning and mental processing differences of making effective use of the right side of the brain by Creative Thinkers.

Some of the Successful People Who Admit That They Are
Dyslexic or ADD Include:

Tom Cruise – Actor, Jay Leno - Television personality (Tonight Show ), Thomas Edison – Inventor, Albert Einstein – Inventor, Winston Churchill - British Prime Minister, WWII, George Bush- Former US President, George Patton - US General, WWII, George Burns – Comedian, Whoopi Goldberg - Actress, Danny Glover Actor, Cher - Actress, Singer

At that point, we can see why most of it is more important person in the worlds had an dyslexia ?

Answer : Maybe an dyslexia subject are a visionaries or maybe high intelligent person... or double personality being..

SOURCE: “The Many Facets of Dyslexia”

Some Common Traits Associated with the Learning Differences of Dyslexia and ADD

Each person is different and will have a unique combination of the common traits listed below.

1. Thinks visually.
2. Daydreams.
3. Easily distractible.
4. Aware of everything.
5. Able to do multiple things at the same time.
6. Seeks stimulation.
7. Highly creative.
8. Immature social behavior, says what comes to mind.
9. Poor penmanship.
10. Difficulty remembering names.
11. Seeks immediate gratification.
12. Impulsive and impatient.
13. Suffers from motion sickness.
14. Can see patterns into the future.
15. Capable of intense short-term focus.
16. Quick decision maker.
17. Bored by ordinary tasks.
18. Risk taker.
19. Have had problems with ears.
20. More independent than a team player.
21. Sees the big picture.
22. Curious.
23. Experience thoughts as reality.
24. Subject to disorientation.
25. Sometimes has psychic - extrasensory abilities.
26. Highly intuitive.
27. Short attention span, inattentive.
28. Has a vivid imagination.
29. Artistic.
30. Has a sense of under achievement.
31. Have spatial orientation problems (left/right, north/south)
32. Talks excessively.
33. Reverses letters and numbers.
34. Slow reader when young.
35. Difficulty with math concepts.
36. Problems with self-esteem.
37. Problems mastering phonics and spelling.
38. Problems understanding the rules of grammar.
39. Reads best by memorizing, the “Look-Say System.”
40. Always active-constantly thinking,
41. Learns best by hands on, rather than lecture or reading.
42. Low tolerance for frustration.
43. Realize that they are different from others.
44. Take longer to think and respond than others.
45. Able to create a complete mental picture from pieces.
46. Somewhat disorganized.
47. Capable of changing on a moment’s notice.
48. Have phobias: like fear of dark, heights, speaking in public.
49. Prefer unstructured situations with freedom.
50. Feels like they see problems from the perspective of a helicopter flying above forests of problems rather than working from the root of trees in one forest.
51. See things that others don’t.

i will add some more about dyslexia and comment about it on the next wrote....

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1 comment:

  1. Generally true, but if a dyslexic can describe a visual problem that makes reading difficult then auditory solutions are unlikely to help their visual problems.

    Visual dyslexia problems are the cause of about 10% of reading problems in dyslexics. The new approach of designing a filter to remove all wavelengths that can cause the visual problems for any visual dyslexic has removed the need for a personal evaluation.

    This approach allows sales of See Right Dyslexia Glasses possible on the web at www.dyslexiaglasses. com , while the increased success rate allows for a money back guarantee.

    Other methods that require personal evaluations to determine a particular color for visual dyslexics are much more expensive and with their high failure rate can not afford to offer any guarantee at all.